Dia-chronic Maps

Dia-chronic maps indicate occupations of the settlements' spatial-historical development by boundaries, main land-use pattern and inner organization. In defined context, each period of Tarsus with estimated widest occupation area were studied as diachronic maps. For each period, built and open areas, the centre-core of settlement, monumental and administrative buildings / areas, residential areas are marked within the macroform of Tarsus.

When evaluating current results of archaeological research in Tarsus, it is possible to mention about an ongoing settlement and multi-layered town from Neolithic Ages to recent town. Archaeological researches indicate a settlement pattern starts from Gözlükule (a prehistoric mound) and enlarging to northern area and the eastern bound of Kyndos River (Goldman, 1935-1937, Zoroğlu, 1995, Ramsay, 2000, Uçar, 2007, Öz, 2012). Six dia-chronic maps as 1.Neolithic-Bronze Ages, 2.Archaic-Classical-Hellenistic Periods, 3. Roman Period, 4. Medieval Ages (Byzantine-Islamic-Sultanate of Rum Periods), 5.Ottoman Period and 6.Early Republican Era were composed according to historical development and the breaking points in the spreading area of Tarsus

−Neolithic-Bronze Ages; Dia-chronic Map-1;

−Archaic-Classical-Hellenistic Period, Dia-chronic Map-2;

−Roman Period, Dia-chronic Map-3;

−Medieval Ages (Byzantine-Islamic-Sultanate of Rum Periods), Dia-chronic Map-4;

−Ottoman Period, Dia-chronic Map-5;

−Early Republican Era, Dia-chronic Map-6;

Superimposition and Overlay Analysis of Dia-chronic Maps

After dia-chronic maps were composed, similar and different sub-regions were determined by superimposition, or overlay of dia-chronic views by GIS. That planovolumetric analyse (Sommella, 1984, 4) allow evaluating different areas according to archaeological stratification and let to determine equi-property zones identifying same historical continuity or discontinuity. Consequently, 103 equi-property zones, which present similarities and different characteristics, were digitized on superimposed view of six dia-chronic maps. The sizes of equi-property zones are smaller in historic core, where there is more intersection, than fringes of


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